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Introduction defining context and scope

This technology review aims at listing the standards and tools at stake for managing catalogue (ie metadata) for the following type of items:

  • Observation system
  • Data processing system
  • Observation event and collected sample
  • Data processing event
  • Data product
  • Paper or report product
  • Persons
  • Research objects

    The technological review for cataloguing covers a subset of the differents concepts to be managed in catalogues, as seen in requirement section.

    • References catalogues: persons and organisations, publications, research objects.
    • Federated catalogues: datasets, resources, physical samples, procedures and software

    Activity and event logs have not been considered in the technology review because the subject is not mature enough in RI and ICT to manage this information in catalogue yet. As a matter of priority, we focus on references and federated catalogues described above.

    The review gives an overview of the software applications or systems and interface standards used for cataloguing related information.

    Change history and amendment procedure

    The review of this topic will be organised by  in consultation with the following volunteers: . They will partition the exploration and gathering of information and collaborate on the analysis and formulation of the initial report. Record details of the major steps in the change history table below.For further details of the complete procedure see item 4 on the Getting Started page.

    Note: Do not record editorial / typographical changes. Only record significant changes of content.

    DateNameInstitutionNature of the information added / changed

    Sources of information used

    The standards considered are provided

    in the scope of W3C, ISO and OGC and RDA

    by the follwing bodies:

     RDA working groups (e.g. metadata) as well as domain specific standards (cerif, geoscienceml,


    …) are also considered.

    The tools are open-source or not. They might be desktop or server side (with web interface) software.

    Two-to-five year analysis

    References catalogues

    • Persons and organizations: The most popular system for persons identification and cataloguing is currently OrcID. They are involved in THOR project which helps to connect  together datasets, paperts and researchers information. They are also working on organization cataloguing (
    • Publications management systems cited by RI are web of knowledge ( and scopus (
    • For research objects no technology have been cited. Further investigation would be required.

     Federated catalogues:

    • dataset catalogues are managed at RI level with CKAN in the Open Data world and RDA or geonetwork in the ISO and OGC. It sounds pragmatic and feasible to harvest existing CKAN and geonetwork in one CKAN central server (e.g. at EUDAT).


    • resources, especially observation equipment are managed in dedicated systems at RI level, however two standards are popular to describe these items: SSN ontology from W3C and sensorML from OGC.


    •  physical samples are managed in dedicated systems. No common standard have been identified yet. However we can expect to type of solution from 1) biology discipline 2) from solid earth


    • procedures and software: to be completed.

     Overall solutions: CERIF proposed by EPOS provides an overall conceptual model for managing the above information.

    To BE completed

    State of the art

    Subsequent headings for each trend (if appropriate in this HL3 style)

    Problems to be overcome

    Sub-headings as appropriate in HL3 style (one per problem)

    Details underpinning above analysis

    Sketch of a longer-term horizon

    Relationships with requirements and use cases

    Summary of analysis highlighting implications and issues

    Bibliography and references to sources